Simulations of compressible channel flow with pulsed-dc plasma actuation for drag reduction

Chris C. Nelson, Alan B. Cain, Fazle Hussain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

ITAC and the University of Notre Dame (UND) have been jointly working to develop a practical drag reduction technology. The team has been motivated by Schoppa and Hussain’s ideas of disrupting the Streak Transient Growth Instability. In work sponsored by NASA and DARPA, the ITAC/UND team is exploring the application of the pulsed-DC plasma actuator and results have shown unprecedented levels of skin friction drag reduction. In fact, the team has observed more than 70% drag reduction in wind tunnel experiments. The new technology is referred to as “SLIPPS” (Smart Longitudinal Instability Prevention via Plasma Surface). Perhaps most significant is the finding that the power savings provided by the device exceed the power input required to operate the actuator. The achievement of drag reduction with net power savings represents a major breakthrough in aerodynamic drag reduction technology. In wind tunnel experiments over a Mach number range from 0.05 to 0.5, the team has observed drag reductions from 2.5 times to 3.0 times the power required by the actuator. To better understand this phenomenon, the authors are performing fully developed compressible channel flow simulations with a model of the behavior of the pulsed-DC actuator. The model for the pulsed-DC actuator exhibits a quasi-steady wall jet response to the pulsed body force, as well as a transient compression wave response to the current flow that has been modeled as a temperature/pressure pulse.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2019Jan 11 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period01/7/1901/11/19

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  • Cite this

    Nelson, C. C., Cain, A. B., & Hussain, F. (2019). Simulations of compressible channel flow with pulsed-dc plasma actuation for drag reduction. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0308