Simulation studies of internal mechanisms in the static deflection of a cellulose electroactive paper actuator

R. P. Joshi, F. Mbaye, P. Basappa, S. D. Jang, J. Kim, J. C. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies of voltage-induced deflections in electroactive paper (EAPap) have been carried out. On the experimental side, measurements of bias-dependent deflections and strain, water absorption as a function of time, and relative humidity were obtained for the cellulose EAPap actuator. In addition, model simulations have also been carried out to probe and quantify the role of the various internal mechanisms responsible for the deflection. Our simulation predictions yield good agreement with the measured deflection data for the EAPap. The modeling suggests that internal ion content and its migration, water absorption leading to a nonuniform permittivity, random variations in the transverse piezoelectric-coupling coefficient d31,i, and the modulus of elasticity all collectively contribute to the EAPap deflection electrophysics. It also appears that higher sensitivity, with a minimal bias dependence, could be achieved by deliberately adding ions during EAPap processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064912
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

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