Industrial wind turbines are large constructions that require in-field monitoring. In this paper, short-range Doppler radar signatures of wind turbines are both mathematically analyzed and practically verified through simulations and experiments. Two custom-designed radar prototypes that operate at the C and K bands, respectively, are employed in the acquisition campaign. The unique features of the radar signal - in particular, some observed energetic flashes in the time-Doppler map - appear as curved lines for specific acquisition scenarios and/or for nonstraight blades. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the use of high-frequency radar systems is beneficial in terms of improved spectrogram resolution. Experimental results coming from a 50-m-height wind turbine and a curved-blade 12-m-height turbine are also discussed, in this paper, in the context of the provided theoretical and simulation frameworks. This paper paves the way for noncontact structural health monitoring of industrial-type wind turbines through portable low-cost Doppler radar sensors.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|State||Published - Sep 2016|
- Doppler radars
- structural health monitoring (SHM)
- wind turbine
- wireless sensors