Shallow incorporation of nitrogen in HPSI 4H-SiC through the laser enhanced diffusion process

W. Sullivan, C. Hettler, J. Dickens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper investigates n-type doping of point-defect compensated high purity semi-insulating (HPSI) 4H-SiC using a pulsed laser (10 ns FWHM @ 260 nm) for the introduction of nitrogen to shallow depths. A thermal model is presented using COMSOL Multiphysics featuring nonlinear temperature dependent material properties and a volumetric heat source term that takes into account the laser absorption depth for common ultraviolet irradiating wavelengths. The temperature distribution in the material and the amount of time that the surface and near-surface regions are at high temperature determines how many laser pulses are required to dope to the desired depth, and simulation results are presented and fit to measured data. The simulations and measured data show that for shallow doping a short wavelength ultraviolet laser should be used to localize the heat at the surface so the dopant can't diffuse deep into the material. The laser enhanced diffusion process has been used to incorporate nitrogen into HPSI 4H-SiC with a measured surface concentration greater than 1020 cm-3 and a nonlinear thermal model was built.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSilicon Carbide and Related Materials 2011, ICSCRM 2011
EditorsRobert P. Devaty, Michael Dudley, T. Paul Chow, Philip G. Neudeck
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages813-816
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9783037854198
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event14th International Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials 2011, ICSCRM 2011 - Cleveland, OH, United States
Duration: Sep 11 2011Sep 16 2011

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume717-720
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials 2011, ICSCRM 2011
CountryUnited States
CityCleveland, OH
Period09/11/1109/16/11

Keywords

  • Laser enhanced diffusion
  • N-type doping
  • Silicon carbide
  • Thermal model

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