Sexually dimorphic stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to an intravenous corticotropin-releasing hormone challenge of Brahman cattle following transportation

Lindsey E. Hulbert, Jeffery A. Carroll, Michael A. Ballou, Nicole C. Burdick, Jeffery W. Dailey, Lisa C. Caldwell, Andrea N. Loyd, Rhonda C. Vann, Thomas H. Welsh, Ronald D. Randel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to characterize potential sexually dimorphic stress and immunological responses following a corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) challenge in beef cattle. Six female (heifers) and six male (bulls) Brahman calves (264 ± 12 d of age) were administered CRH intravenously (0.5 μg of CRH/kg body mass) after which serum concentrations of cortisol increased from 0.5 h to 4 h. From 1 h to 4 h after CRH administration, serum cortisol concentrations were greater in heifers than in bulls. In all cattle, increased serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-γ were observed from 2.5 h to 3 h after CRH, with greater concentrations of IFN-γ and IL-6 in heifers than bulls. Heifer total leukocyte counts decreased 1 h after CRH administration, while bull leukocyte counts and percent neutrophils decreased 2 h after CRH administration. Heifers had greater rectal temperatures than bulls, yet rectal temperatures did not change following administration of CRH. There was no effect of CRH administration on heart rate. However, bulls tended to have increased heart rate 2 h after CRH administration than before CRH. Heifer heart rate was greater than bulls throughout the study. These data demonstrate that acute CRH administration can elicit a pro-inflammatory response, and cattle exhibit a sexually dimorphic pro-inflammatory cytokine and cortisol response to acute CRH administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-387
Number of pages10
JournalInnate Immunity
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Acute
  • CRH
  • cattle
  • cortisol
  • innate immunity
  • sexual dimorphism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sexually dimorphic stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to an intravenous corticotropin-releasing hormone challenge of Brahman cattle following transportation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hulbert, L. E., Carroll, J. A., Ballou, M. A., Burdick, N. C., Dailey, J. W., Caldwell, L. C., Loyd, A. N., Vann, R. C., Welsh, T. H., & Randel, R. D. (2013). Sexually dimorphic stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to an intravenous corticotropin-releasing hormone challenge of Brahman cattle following transportation. Innate Immunity, 19(4), 378-387. https://doi.org/10.1177/1753425912462752