Sensitivity of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, multidrug-resistant Salmonella, and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella to lactic acid on inoculated beef trimmings

Aliyar Fouladkhah, Ifigenia Geornaras, Hua Yang, Keith E. Belk, Kendra K. Nightingale, Dale R. Woerner, Gary C. Smith, John N. Sofos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies were performed to determine whether lactic acid treatments used to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 on beef trimmings are also effective in controlling non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (nSTEC), and multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella. Beef trimming pieces (10 by 5 by 1 cm) were inoculated (3 log CFU/cm2) separately with fourstrain mixtures of rifampin-resistant E. coli O157:H7, O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145. Similarly, in a second study, trimmings were separately inoculated with rifampin-resistant E. coli O157:H7, and antibiotic-susceptible or multidrug-resistant (MDR and/or MDR-AmpC) Salmonella Newport and Salmonella Typhimurium. Inoculated trimmings were left untreated (control) or were immersed for 30 s in 5% lactic acid solutions (25 or 55°C). No differences (P ≥ 0.05) were obtained among surviving counts of E. coli O157:H7 and those of the tested nSTEC serogroups on lactic acid-treated (25 or 55°C) samples. Counts (3.1 to 3.3 log CFU/cm2) of E. coli O157:H7 and nSTEC were reduced (P < 0.05) by 0.5 to 0.9 (25°C lactic acid) and 1.0 to 1.4 (55°C lactic acid) log CFU/cm2. Surviving counts of Salmonella on treated trimmings were not influenced by serotype or antibiotic resistance phenotype and were similar (P ≥ 0.05) or lower (P < 0.05) than surviving counts of E. coli O157:H7. Counts (3.0 to 3.3 log CFU/cm2) were reduced (P < 0.05) by 0.5 to 0.8 (E. coli O157:H7) and 1.3 to 1.5 (Salmonella) log CFU/ cm2 after treatment of samples with 25°C lactic acid. Corresponding reductions following treatment with lactic acid at 55°C were 1.2 to 1.5 (E. coli O157:H7) and 1.6 to 1.9 (Salmonella) log CFU/cm2. Overall, the results indicated that lactic acid treatments used against E. coli O157:H7 on beef trimmings should be similarly or more effective against the six nSTEC serogroups and against multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella Newport and Salmonella Typhimurium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1758
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of food protection
Volume75
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

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