Ninety-five percent of ex-smokers have quit smoking without professional assistance. Research investigating self-initiated smoking cessation has increased to the point where a sizable data base on this phenomenon is now available. In this paper we review the research literature that has investigated unaided smoking cessation in order to better understand the quitting process, to identify useful strategies for prospective quitters, and to provide suggestions for professionally based interventions. Our review, organized from a stress and coping perspective, suggests that cognitive appraisal of the quitting process (particularly self-efficacy) and the ways in which a smoker copes with quitting are important determinants of successful cessation. Suggestions for future research of self-initiated smoking cessation are offered.
- smoking cessation