Self-imagery and advertising effectiveness: the role of sense of presence

Wonseok Jang, Sun Young Lee, Akira Asada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to assess whether self-imagery is more effective than other-imagery, and if so, to investigate the mechanism of how self-imagery generates more increased positive responses from consumers. Furthermore, we explored the boundary conditions associated with reduced positive effects of self-imagery on consumer responses. The results of Experiment 1 suggest that self-imagery was more effective than other-imagery in generating a favorable attitude toward an advertisement and purchase intention, since it enhanced a sense of presence, and consequently, imagery engagement. However, based on the results of Experiment 2, when an advertisement evoked a sense of high-risk, self-imagery generated a less favorable attitude toward the advertisement than other-imagery due to the emotion of fear evoked by the advertisement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of General Psychology
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Self-imagery
  • fear
  • imagery engagement
  • mood transfer
  • presence


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