Self-efficacy as a mediator of children's achievement motivation and in-class physical activity

Zan Gao, Marc Lochbaum, Leslie Podlog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The present study was designed to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on relations of middle school students' four achievement goals with their perceptions of two motivational climates and in-class physical activity in physical education. The four achievement goals (mastery-approach, masteryavoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance), perceptions of the motivational climate (mastery- and performance-involving climates), and selfefficacy were measured in a sample of 194 students (93 boys, 101 girls) in a public school. Students' in-class physical activity was assessed using Actical Accelerometers. A series of multiple-regression analyses supported the mediating effect of selfefficacy on the relationships among students' mastery-approach goal, perceived mastery-involving climate, and physical activity. © Perceptual and Motor Skills 2011.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-981
JournalDefault journal
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011


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