Rotating out-of-plane micromirror

Sahil Oak, Gregory F. Edmiston, Ganapathy Sivakumar, Tim Dallas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Out-of-plane micromirrors have been developed for a wide range of applications including optical switching, beam steering, and precise transmission and reception of bio-optical signals. This paper focuses on the design, simulation, and testing of a rotating out-of-plane micromirror. The system consists of a polysilicon micromirror, which is erected to an out-of-plane position using a relatively simple postprocessing procedure. The mirror is mounted on a gear which has a rotational freedom of 360° and can be driven at frequencies ranging from 1 to 1000 Hz using an electrostatically actuated rotational drive. Multiple out-of-plane configurations of the mirror are possible, with each utilizing a serpentine spring that attaches the mirror to the gear and a position specific catch block to allow 30 °, 45°, 60°, 75 °, and 90° orientations of the mirror. This paper focuses on the 45° out-of-plane mirror, and it was tested for robustness as well as optical performance. A good correlation was found between experiment and various simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5446387
Pages (from-to)632-639
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • Electrostatic actuators
  • Finite element analysis
  • Image processing
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Optical switch
  • Out-of-plane micromirror
  • SUMMiT V


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