Rotary ultrasonic machining of cfrp: A mechanistic predictive model for cutting force

W. L. Cong, Z. J. Pei, X. Sun, C. L. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


Cutting force is one of the most important output variables in rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites. Many experimental investigations on cutting force in RUM of CFRP have been reported. However, in the literature, there are no cutting force models for RUM of CFRP. This paper develops a mechanistic predictive model for cutting force in RUM of CFRP. The material removal mechanism of CFRP in RUM has been analyzed first. The model is based on the assumption that brittle fracture is the dominant mode of material removal. CFRP micromechanical analysis has been conducted to represent CFRP as an equivalent homogeneous material to obtain the mechanical properties of CFRP from its components. Based on this model, relationships between input variables (including ultrasonic vibration amplitude, tool rotation speed, feedrate, abrasive size, and abrasive concentration) and cutting force can be predicted. The relationships between input variables and important intermediate variables (indentation depth, effective contact time, and maximum impact force of single abrasive grain) have been investigated to explain predicted trends of cutting force. Experiments are conducted to verify the model, and experimental results agree well with predicted trends from this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-675
Number of pages13
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • CFRP
  • Cutting force
  • Mechanistic predictive model
  • Rotary ultrasonic machining


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