Rotary ultrasonic machining of CFRP: A comparison with grinding

F. D. Ning, W. L. Cong, Z. J. Pei, C. Treadwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites have been intensively used in various industries due to their superior properties. In aircraft and aerospace industry, a large number of holes are required to be drilled into CFRP components at final stage for aircraft assembling. There are two major types of methods for hole making of CFRP composites in industry, twist drilling and its derived multi-points machining methods, and grinding and its related methods. The first type of methods are commonly used in hole making of CFRP composites. However, in recent years, rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM), a hybrid machining process combining ultrasonic machining and grinding, has also been successfully used in drilling of CFRP composites. It has been shown that RUM is superior to twist drilling in many aspects. However, there are no reported investigations on comparisons between RUM and grinding in drilling of CFRP. In this paper, these two drilling methods are compared in five aspects, including cutting force, torque, surface roughness, hole diameter, and material removal rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite
  • Drilling
  • Grinding
  • Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM)


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