Caenorhabditis elegans nematode has emerged as a model organism paving the ways for multidisciplinary research in biomedical, environmental toxicology, aging, metabolism, obesity, and drug discovery. The wide range of applications of this model organism are attributed to C. elegans’ unique features: C. elegans are inexpensive, easy to grow and maintain in a laboratory, has a short lifespan, and has a small body size. With this increased interest, the need for analytical techniques to assess the biochemical information on intact worms continues to grow. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy is considered as a powerful technique that can be used to determine the chemical structure and composition of various materials, including biological samples. Furthermore, the development of focal plane array detectors has made this technique attractive to study complex biological systems such as whole nematodes. This review focuses on the use of FTIR microspectroscopy to study C. elegans. The first published work on the use of FTIR microspectroscopy to study a complex whole animal was reported in 2004. Since then, very few other studies were carried out. The objective of this review is to summarize work conducted to date using FTIR microspectroscopy to study nematodes and to discuss the information that can be gained by using this technique. This could allow scientists to add this technique to the arsenal of techniques already in use for C. elegans studies.
- C. elegans
- FTIR imaging