Repetitive operation of high-power microwave (HPM) sources is primarily restricted by thermal properties of anode and cathode materials. Note that even in single shot operation, vircators generally inject undesired plasma from the anode/cathode surfaces under high current densities, leading to excessive heating of electrode materials, vacuum degradation and impedance collapse that may ultimately lead to cut-off of microwave power. Heating of the anode and cathode materials during repetitive operation intensifies these problems and will cause accelerated erosion and/or permanent damage of the anode and cathode surfaces, especially when metallic electrodes are used. Hence, the vircator herein utilizes a carbon fiber cathode and a pyrolytic graphite anode. This paper elucidates the heating of the anode and cathode, and their spectrally resolved black-body radiation properties during repetitive operation.