Remission of metabolic syndrome following a 15-week low-calorie lifestyle change program for weight loss

J. D. Lundgren, R. Malcolm, M. Binks, P. M. O'Neil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the rate of remission of metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) among patients undergoing a brief, low-calorie lifestyle change weight loss intervention and to compare the baseline characteristics of patients who were remitted and not remitted from Met Syn at post-treatment. Research Methods and Procedures: Obese adults (N=36) meeting criteria for Met Syn enrolled in an outpatient fee-for-service behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants were assessed on key Met Syn variables (waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and fasting blood glucose) at pre- and post-treatment. Results: The majority of patients (61%) responded to treatment after a 9.9% mean weight loss. Although Met Syn responders did not differ significantly from Met Syn non-responders on any baseline Met Syn criterion variable, responders had significantly lower baseline body mass indices (BMI; kg/m2) and met criteria for fewer baseline Met Syn variables. As expected, Met Syn responders, compared with Met Syn non-responders, had significantly lower post-treatment waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, triglycerides and fasting blood glucose. Patient groups did not differ significantly on weight lost (kg or %), or on the proportion of patients losing ≥10% of initial body weight. Discussion: In a community population, Met Syn responds to weight loss through a low-calorie lifestyle intervention; for some patients, however, the recommended 10% weight loss may not be enough for Met Syn remission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Treatment outcome
  • Weight loss

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