Regional Simulation of Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics for Dry Farmland in East China by Coupling a 1:500 000 Soil Database with the Century Model

Shi Hang Wang, Xue Zheng Shi, Yong Cun Zhao, D. C. Weindorf, Dong Sheng Yu, Sheng Xiang Xu, Man Zhi Tan, Wei Xia Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) in agricultural soils influence soil quality and greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. Dry farmland covers more than 70% of the whole cropland area in China and plays an important role in mitigating carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In this study, 4 109 dry farmland soil polygons were extracted using spatial overlay analysis of the soil layer (1:500 000) and the land use layer (1:500 000) to support Century model simulations of SOC dynamics for dry farmland in Anhui Province, East China from 1980 to 2008. Considering two field-validation sites, the Century model performed relatively well in modeling SOC dynamics for dry farmland in the province. The simulated results showed that the area-weighted mean soil organic carbon density (SOCD) of dry farmland increased from 18.77 Mg C ha-1 in 1980 to 23.99 Mg C ha-1 in 2008 with an average sequestration rate of 0.18 Mg C ha-1 year-1. Approximately 94.9% of the total dry farmland area sequestered carbon while 5.1% had carbon lost. Over the past 29 years, the net SOC gain in dry farmland soils of the province was 19.37 Tg, with an average sequestration rate of 0.67 Tg C year-1. Augmentation of SOC was primarily due to increased consumption of nitrogen fertilizer and farmyard manure. Moreover, SOC dynamics were highly differentiated among dry farmland soil groups. The integration of the Century model with a fine-scale soil database approach could be conveniently utilized as a tool for the accurate simulation of SOC dynamics at the regional scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-287
Number of pages11
JournalPedosphere
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Agricultural soils
  • Greenhouse gas
  • Soil organic carbon density
  • Soil quality

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