TY - JOUR

T1 - Refinement of COSMO-SAC and the applications

AU - Wang, Shu

AU - Sandler, Stanley I.

AU - Chen, Chau Chyun

PY - 2007/10/24

Y1 - 2007/10/24

N2 - In dielectric continuum solvation models (CSMs), the solvation free energy is essential for accurate calculation of the thermodynamic properties of liquids and liquid mixtures. Here, we present a refinement to the COSMOSAC (where SAC denotes segment activity coefficient) model to calculate the solvation free energy, using statistical thermodynamics and information from quantum mechanics. After the surface charge density for each pure compound has been obtained from a one-time quantum mechanics calculation, the COSMO-SAC model with 23 parameters can be used to predict both pure and mixture thermodynamic properties of almost any nonmetallic molecule in a computational time comparable to that of group contribution methods, but without their hundreds of functional-group-specific parameters. Combining perturbation theory and a mean field model for the van der Waals (vdW) free-energy calculation, this COSMO-SAC model can be used to predict the properties of pure compounds. The overall deviation in vapor pressure for 1432 compounds is ~63%, and that in the normal boiling temperature prediction is ∼20 K; these values are comparable to those of group contribution methods, which require a much larger set of parameters. This model can also be used to predict activity coefficients in mixtures with the same parameters, and here we have calculated vapor-liquid equilibria for more than 500 binary systems with over 8000 experimental data points, and for seven ternary systems. For these systems, the overall average deviation in vapor-phase compositions is 2.14%, and the deviation in total pressure at a fixed liquid composition is 6.03%.

AB - In dielectric continuum solvation models (CSMs), the solvation free energy is essential for accurate calculation of the thermodynamic properties of liquids and liquid mixtures. Here, we present a refinement to the COSMOSAC (where SAC denotes segment activity coefficient) model to calculate the solvation free energy, using statistical thermodynamics and information from quantum mechanics. After the surface charge density for each pure compound has been obtained from a one-time quantum mechanics calculation, the COSMO-SAC model with 23 parameters can be used to predict both pure and mixture thermodynamic properties of almost any nonmetallic molecule in a computational time comparable to that of group contribution methods, but without their hundreds of functional-group-specific parameters. Combining perturbation theory and a mean field model for the van der Waals (vdW) free-energy calculation, this COSMO-SAC model can be used to predict the properties of pure compounds. The overall deviation in vapor pressure for 1432 compounds is ~63%, and that in the normal boiling temperature prediction is ∼20 K; these values are comparable to those of group contribution methods, which require a much larger set of parameters. This model can also be used to predict activity coefficients in mixtures with the same parameters, and here we have calculated vapor-liquid equilibria for more than 500 binary systems with over 8000 experimental data points, and for seven ternary systems. For these systems, the overall average deviation in vapor-phase compositions is 2.14%, and the deviation in total pressure at a fixed liquid composition is 6.03%.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35948967691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ie070465z

DO - 10.1021/ie070465z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:35948967691

VL - 46

SP - 7275

EP - 7288

JO - Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research

JF - Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research

SN - 0888-5885

IS - 22

ER -