Reduction and accumulation of gold(III) by Medicago sativa alfalfa biomass: X-ray absorption spectroscopy, pH, and temperature dependence

JL Gardea-Torresdey, KJ Tiemann, Gerardo Gamez Goytia, K Dokken, I Cano-Aguilera, LR Furenlid, MW Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report herein the use of Medicago sativa alfalfa shoot biomass for the removal of gold from aqueous solutions. The accumulation process involves the reduction of Au(lll) to colloidal Au(0) and is shown to increase at elevated temperatures and at lower pH. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was used to determine that gold(lll) was reduced to form gold(0) colloids, which varied in size depending on the pH of the initial solution. The gold cluster radius was 6.2 +/- 1 Angstrom at pH 5 and 9.0 +/- 1 Angstrom at pH 2. Our findings indicate that essentially another layer of gold atoms was deposited onto the colloid surface at pH 2. Possible mechanisms of bioreduction and accumulation are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4392-4396
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
StatePublished - Oct 2000

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