Reduced transport of swimming particles in chaotic flow due to hydrodynamic trapping

Nidhi Khurana, Jerzy Blawzdziewicz, Nicholas T. Ouellette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We computationally study the transport of active, self-propelled particles suspended in a two-dimensional chaotic flow. The pointlike, spherical particles have their own intrinsic swimming velocity, which modifies the dynamical system so that the particles can break the transport barriers present in the carrier flow. Surprisingly, we find that swimming does not necessarily lead to enhanced particle transport. Small but finite swimming speed can result in reduced transport, as swimmers get stuck for long times in traps that form near elliptic islands in the background flow. Our results have implications for models of transport and encounter rates for small marine organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number198104
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume106
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 13 2011

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