Recovering policy implementation: Understanding implementation through informal communication

Lee S. Duemer, Sylvia Mendez-Morse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study identifies themes in the theoretical literature on policy implementation that can then be used to develop a research-based framework for the scholar about how qualitative research can be used to analyze policy implementation through the investigation of informal and formal communication lines. This article draws from existing scholarship to bridge the gap between policy studies and qualitative research to explore innovative ways for scholars to expand our understanding of policy implementation. The article uses the literature to propose a framework that can be used to examine policy implementation. The framework is based on the concepts of Orientation, Degree, Resources, Activity, Autonomy, Societal Values, Institutional Values, Rationale and Power Relationship.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEducation Policy Analysis Archives
StatePublished - Sep 23 2002


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