Coupled electromagnetic resonances have various important applications in microwave engineering. Among them, the newly discovered electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) has attracted much interest. In this paper, we explore the use of configurable electrically induced transparency to construct a microwave 'diffractive medium' whose air-like optimally matched transparency and metal-like optimally reflective opacity can be conveniently switched by a binary dc voltage. Different from EITs based on closely coupled resonances, we use decoupled electrically induced resonances to achieve a low-loss transparency along with an optimal impedance matching with air. Satisfying the condition of a lossless perfectly matched layer, such transparency and opacity can be obtained in a wide range of incident angles. We validate our approach by experimentally demonstrating two electrically controlled steering antennas based on diffractive grating effect, both with thin planar apertures and binary digital control circuits. The proposed approach can be extended to higher frequencies, achieving configurable diffractive devices at millimeter-wave and terahertz frequencies.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2015|
- Beam steering
- Fresnel zone plate (FZP)
- diffractive antenna
- electrically induced transparency (EIT)