Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a gram-negative opportunistic pathogen, is one of the major species isolated from infected chronic wounds. The multidrug resistance exhibited by P. aeruginosa and its ability to form biofilms that are difficult to eradicate, along with the rising cost of producing new antibiotics, has necessitated the search for alternatives to standard antibiotics. Pyocins are antimicrobial compounds produced by P. aeruginosa that protect themselves from their competitors. We synthesized and purified recombinant P. aeruginosa R2 pyocin and used it in an aqueous solution (rR2P) or formulated in polyethylene glycol (rR2PC) to treat P. aeruginosa-infected wounds. Clinical strains of P. aeruginosa were found to be sensitive (completely), partially sensitive, or resistant to rR2P. In the in vitro biofilm model, rR2P inhibited biofilm development by rR2P-sensitive isolates, while rR2PC eliminated partial biofilms formed by these strains in an in vitro wound biofilm model. In the murine model of excision wounds, and at 24 h post-infection, rR2PC application significantly reduced the bioburden of the clinical isolate BPI86. Application of rR2PC containing two glycoside hydrolase antibiofilm agents eliminated BPI86 from infected wounds. These results suggest that the topical application of rR2PC is an effective therapy for treating wounds infected with R2P-senstive P. aeruginosa strains.
- Glycoside hydrolase
- Murine model of thermal injury
- Murine model of wound infection
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Wound infection