Tested the general proposition of the J. Adams (see record) closed-loop theory of motor behavior, that the process underlying movement is a perceptual one whereby S recognizes correct and incorrect responses when they occur. Parallel recognition and recall experiments were run with 360 male undergraduates. Recognition and recall measures of motor memory were examined to determine if they were the same functions of the same variables. Increases in reinforcement positively affected both recognition and recall, and increases in retention interval negatively affected both recognition and recall. Other findings revelant to closed-loop theory are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- reinforcement & retention interval, short-term motor memory recognition & recall, male undergraduates