Recent Advances in Electrospinning of Biopolymers

Julia Shamshina, R D Rogers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Polymers constitute the largest group of chemicals that are currently used for manufacturing of nanofibers via electrospinning. Among those, use of synthetic polymers is nearly exclusive, mainly because of ease of their handling either through solution or melt processing. In recent years, there has been a growing shift toward the use of biopolymers including cellulose, chitin, and chitosan, because of many attractive properties of biopolymers (e.g., tissue biocompatibility and biodegradability), which inspired multiple big industry players in using them for the development of materials of the future. Yet, traditional electrospinning methods from common solvents (such as volatile organic solvents) are not suitable for biopolymers due to their insolubility in those solvents. This chapter focuses on recent advances in the electrospinning of biopolymers, which led to the development of an enabling technology based on a new class of materials known as ionic liquids (literally liquid salts)
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Electrospinning of Biopolymers
PublisherDeGruyter
Pages189-216
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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