1T-TiSe2 is a model transition metal dichalcogenide material that develops charge density waves (CDWs). Here we present variable-temperature Raman spectroscopy study on both CDW and optical phonon modes of 1T-TiSe2 thin layers exfoliated onto SiO2 substrate. Raman scattering intensities of all modes reach a maximum when the sample thickness is about 12 nm. This phenomenon can be explained by optical interference effect between the sample and the substrate. The CDW amplitude modes experience redshift and broadening as temperature increases. We extract CDW transition temperature (TCDW) from temperature dependence of the frequency of A1 gCDW mode. We find that TCDW decreases in thinner flakes, which could be due to extrinsic effects.
- Charge density wave
- Raman spectroscopy
- Titanium diselenide
- Transition metal dichalcogenide