Questions about formative measurement

James B. Wilcox, Roy D. Howell, Einar Breivik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

A growing body of literature addresses the issue of formative measurement. However, questions remain regarding the nature of formative measures, their properties, and their usefulness, especially in the context of theory testing and structural equations modeling. This paper poses an incomplete list of questions and suggests possible answers to them, and concludes that the use of formative measurement remains problematic in theory testing research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1228
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Formative measurement
  • Reflective measurement
  • Structural equations modeling

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