The properties of formamide, its protonated form and interaction complexes with lithium and sodium cations were studied in electronically excited singlet states by means of high-level multireference ab initio methods. The vertical excitation energies show a marked influence on protonation with particular large effects found for the O-protonated form as compared to neutral formamide. Complexation with Li+ and Na+ leads to a pronounced shift of the nO-π* state to higher energies while the π-π* state moves in opposite direction. Geometry optimizations in the lowest excited singlet show strong geometrical effects leading to pyramidalization at the N and C atoms. The photodynamical simulations performed for formamide in the first excited singlet state show that the main primary deactivation path is CN dissociation with a lifetime of about 420∈fs.
- Metal ion affinities
- Multireference configuration interaction