Quantitative motor assessment, detection, and suppression of Parkinson's disease hand tremor: A literature review

Khoi Ly, Aimee Cloutier, James Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is difficult to detect before the onset of symptoms; further, PD symptoms share characteristics with symptoms of other diseases, making diagnosis of PD a challenging task. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, PD symptoms including tremor, bradykinesia, and cognitive problems deteriorate quickly into patients' late life. Among them, the most distinguishable manifestations of PD are rest and postural tremor. Tremor is defined as an involuntary shaking or quivering movement of the hands or feet. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) scales are the most common rating scales that quantify the severity of PD. Due to the lack of consistency in these diagnostic tests, researchers are looking for devices for quantification and detection that can provide more objective PD motor assessments. Additionally, since there is currently no cure for PD, temporary PD symptom suppression is an active research area for improving patients' quality of life. In this survey, the current state of research on Parkinson's disease hand tremor quantification, detection, and suppression is discussed, especially focusing on electromechanical devices. The future direction of research on these devices is also considered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication36th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850077
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016 - Charlotte, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2016Aug 24 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume1A-2016

Conference

ConferenceASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCharlotte
Period08/21/1608/24/16

Keywords

  • Hand tremor
  • Motor assessment
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Symptoms

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