Quality, proximate composition, and sensory characteristics of Dorper, domestic commercial crossbred, and Australian sheep meat: A comparative study

K. M. Villatoro, F. Yang, T. Duarte, C. R. Phillips, D. R. Woerner, M. D. Chao, X. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the proximate, quality, and sensory attributes of Dorper sheep meat (Dorper), domestic commercial crossbred (DCC) and Australian commercial crossbred (ACC). A total of 60 untrimmed loins from the three sheep sources were purchased (20 sheep loins/source) and processed. The objective color, objective tenderness [Warner-Bratzler Shear Force (WBSF)], and proximate composition of the sheep meat were evaluated. A consumer panel and a trained sensory panel were also conducted to evaluate the sensory attributes. Dorper had greater (P = 0.04) carbohydrate content compared to DCC, but was not (P = 0.86) different from ACC. In addition, Dorper had the greatest WBSF value, followed by DCC, with ACC having the least WBSF out of the three (P < 0.0001). For the consumer panel, Dorper was rated to be less tender than ACC (P = 0.01), but was not different from DCC (P = 0.76). Dorper was also rated with lower flavor acceptability compared to DCC (P = 0.02), but was not different from ACC (P = 0.86). In addition, Dorper had the lowest overall acceptance rating by the consumers (P = 0.01). Trained sensory panel results followed the same trend as the consumer panel results which rated Dorper to be less tender than ACC (P = 0.002), but was not different from DCC (P = 0.10). Dorper was also rated with greater off-flavor intensity compared to DCC (P = 0.009), but was not different from ACC (P = 0.53). Finally, no differences were found for all other attributes evaluated among the sheep sources. The results indicated that consumers did not prefer Dorper over ACC and DCC. However, additional research with a more controlled environment is needed to shed light on the true palatability traits of Dorper.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbertxab024
JournalTranslational Animal Science
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • Consumer panel
  • Dorper
  • Meat quality
  • Sheep
  • Trained panel

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