Pulping of Crustacean Waste using Ionic Liquids: To Extract or Not to Extract?

Julia Shamshina, P S Barber, G Gurau, C S Griggs, R D Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ionic liquids (ILs), such as hydroxylammonium acetate ([NH3OH][OAc]), can reactively demineralize and remove proteins from shrimp shells in an efficient one-pot pulping process, thus allowing the isolation of native chitin with >80% purity and a high degree of acetylation and crystallinity. Compared to a previously reported IL extraction using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C2mim][OAc], these less expensive ILs can achieve comparable chitin yields and purity, at up to ten times the biomass loading, although potentially result in lower molecular weight (MW) chitin. Because the IL is not recovered or recycled, the cost can additionally be further reduced by the sequential addition of hydroxylamine and acetic acid (or vice versa) to conduct the pulping process in situ. Though each methodology results in a comparable yields and purity of chitin material, the varying production costs and process safety issues are still unknown. This work presents
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6072-6081
JournalACS Sustainable Chem. Eng.
StatePublished - 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Pulping of Crustacean Waste using Ionic Liquids: To Extract or Not to Extract?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this