Psychometric Investigation of the Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices Test in a Sample of Preschool Children

Patrícia Silva Lúcio, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Marina Puglisi, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Todd D. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigated the psychometric properties of the Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices (CPM) test in a sample of preschoolers from Brazil (n = 582; age: mean = 57 months, SD = 7 months; 46% female). We investigated the plausibility of unidimensionality of the items (confirmatory factor analysis) and differential item functioning (DIF) for sex and age (multiple indicators multiple causes method). We tested four unidimensional models and the one with the best-fit index was a reduced form of the Raven’s CPM. The DIF analysis was carried out with the reduced form of the test. A few items presented DIF (two for sex and one for age), confirming that the Raven’s CPM items are mostly measurement invariant. There was no effect of sex on the general factor, but increasing age was associated with higher values of the g factor. Future research should indicate if the reduced form is suitable for evaluating the general ability of preschoolers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399-1408
Number of pages10
JournalAssessment
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Raven’s Progressive Matrices
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • differential item functioning
  • preschoolers
  • unidimensionality

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