Psychological symptoms and blood pressure among rural dwellers

Kelly Williams, Danielle Jahn, James Hall, Sid O'Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Rural-dwelling adults face different health concerns and risks than do adults living in urban areas, with reduced assess to care. Studies examining the associations between anxiety and/or depression and blood pressure have yielded mixed results. This study addressed this by examining the association of these symptoms to blood pressure in men compared to women, and for differing racial groups in a rural population in the western United States. Analyses indicate the association between depression and blood pressure differs by race. Further, depressive symptoms were associated with higher diastolic blood pressure for participants at or above the mean of anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1211
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Depression
  • anxiety
  • blood pressure
  • cardiovascular
  • rural


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