Proteomics profiling of kidney brush border membrane from rats using LC-MS/MS analysis

Aiying Yu, Jingfu Zhao, Wenjing Peng, Shiv Pratap S. Yadav, Bruce A. Molitoris, Mark C. Wagner, Yehia Mechref

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined by a reduced renal function, that is, glomerular filtration rate, and the extent of kidney damage is assessed by determining serum creatinine levels and proteins in urine, diagnosed as proteinuria/albuminuria. Albuminuria increases with age and can result from glomerular and/or proximal tubule (PT) alterations. Brush border membranes (BBMs) on PT cells are important in maintaining the stability of PT functions. Experimental Design: An LC-MS/MS bottom-up proteomics analysis of BBMs from four groups of rat models was applied to investigate protein abundance alterations associated with CKD progression. Moreover, systems biology analyses were used to identify key proteins that can provide insight into the different regulated molecular pathways and processes associated with CKD. Results: Our results indicated that 303 proteins showed significantly altered expressions from the severe CKD BBM group when compared to the control. Focusing on renal diseases, several proteins including Ctnnb1, Fah, and Icam1 were annotated to kidney damage and urination disorder. The up-regulation of Ctnnb1 (β-catenin) could contribute to CKD through the regulation of the WNT signaling pathway. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: Overall, the study of protein abundance changes in BBMs from rat models helps to reveal protein corrections with important pathways and regulator effects involved in CKD. Although this study is focused on rat models, the results provided more information for a deeper insight into possible CKD mechanisms in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200063
JournalProteomics - Clinical Applications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • LC-MS/MS
  • brush border membrane
  • chronic kidney disease
  • pathway
  • protein abundance
  • proteomics proteinuria and hypertension


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