Probing non-specific interactions of Ca2+-calmodulin in E. coli lysate

Michael P. Latham, Lewis E. Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The biological environment in which a protein performs its function is a crowded milieu containing millions of molecules that can potentially lead to a great many transient, non-specific interactions. NMR spectroscopy is especially well suited to study these weak molecular contacts. Here, non-specific interactions between the Ca2+-bound form of calmodulin (CaM) and non-cognate proteins in Escherichia coli lysate are explored using Ile, Leu, Val and Met methyl probes. Changes in CaM methyl chemical shifts as a function of added E. coli lysate are measured to determine a minimum 'average' dissociation constant for interactions between Ca2+-CaM and E. coli lysate proteins. 2H R 2 and 13C R 1 spin relaxation rates report on the binding reaction as well. Our results further highlight the power of methyl containing side-chains for characterizing biomolecular interactions, even in complex in-cell like environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomolecular NMR
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • CHD methyl isotopomers
  • Chemical shift titration
  • Deuterium relaxation
  • In "cell-like"
  • Methyl side-chain dynamics


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