Prevention of antibiotic-associated metabolic syndrome in mice by intestinal alkaline phosphatase

K. P. Economopoulos, N. L. Ward, C. D. Phillips, A. Teshager, P. Patel, M. M. Mohamed, S. Hakimian, S. B. Cox, R. Ahmed, O. Moaven, K. Kaliannan, S. N. Alam, J. F. Haller, A. M. Goldstein, A. K. Bhan, M. S. Malo, R. A. Hodin

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To examine whether co-administration of intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) with antibiotics early in life may have a preventive role against metabolic syndrome (MetS) in mice. Methods: A total of 50 mice were allocated to four treatment groups after weaning. Mice were treated with azithromycin (AZT)±IAP, or with no AZT±IAP, for three intermittent 7-day cycles. After the last treatment course, the mice were administered a regular chow diet for 5weeks and subsequently a high-fat diet for 5weeks. Body weight, food intake, water intake, serum lipids, glucose levels and liver lipids were compared. 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing was used to determine the differences in microbiome composition. Results: Exposure to AZT early in life rendered mice susceptible to MetS in adulthood. Co-administration of IAP with AZT completely prevented this susceptibility by decreasing total body weight, serum lipids, glucose levels and liver lipids to the levels of control mice. These effects of IAP probably occur as a result of changes in the composition of specific bacterial taxa at the genus and species levels (e.g. members of Anaeroplasma and Parabacteroides). Conclusions: Co-administration of IAP with AZT early in life prevents mice from susceptibility to the later development of MetS. This effect is associated with alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota. IAP may represent a novel treatment against MetS in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-527
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Azithromycin
  • Intestinal alkaline phosphatase
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Mice

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