Pressure-volume-temperature behavior of two polycyanurate networks

Jiaxi Guo, Sindee L. Simon

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) behavior was studied for two polycyanurate networks having different crosslink densities using a pressurizable dilatometer. The samples were studied at temperatures ranging from 60 to 180 °C and at pressures up to 170 MPa to yield PVT data in both rubbery and glassy states. The Tait equation is found to well describe the isobaric temperature scan and isothermal pressure scan data. The thermal expansion coefficients, instantaneous bulk moduli, and thermal pressure coefficients are extracted from the data and their dependence on crosslink density is examined. The time-dependent viscoelastic bulk modulus (K(t)) is also calculated in the vicinity of the α-relaxation from previously published pressure relaxation experimental data, and the strength and shape of the dispersion are found to be independent of crosslink density. The limiting bulk moduli depend strongly on temperature with those of the more loosely crosslinked sample being lower at a given temperature and pressure, although at T g(P), the limiting moduli of the more loosely crosslinked sample are slightly higher than those of the more highly crosslinked sample. ©

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2509-2517
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume48
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • crosslink density
  • crosslinking
  • polycyanurate
  • pressure-volume-temperature behavior
  • thermosets
  • viscoelastic bulk modulus
  • viscoelastic properties

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