Phase transition and bulk moduli of bulk and nanocrystalline γ-Fe2O3 were studied using synchrotron X-ray diffraction under high pressure. Contrary to most other nanomaterials, nanocrystalline γ-Fe2O3 begins to transform into α-Fe2O3 at the same pressure as bulk γ-Fe 2O3, which is caused by a special structure of γ-Fe2O3, in which there exist vacancies of crystal. It is believed that phase transition starts from a certain site of vacancy because of the stress concentration at vacancy sites. Compared to bulk material, nanocrystalline γ-Fe2O3 has a larger bulk modulus, which is ascribed to the large ratio of surface to volume.
- C. High Pressure
- C. X-ray diffraction