Potassium azide was investigated by Raman scattering spectroscopy up to a pressure of 55.0 GPa by use of diamond anvil cell at room temperature. A pressure-induced reversible phase transition was revealed. The onset of the phase transition was characterized by the hardening of a previously soft lattice mode at 13.6 GPa. This transition is considered a structural phase transition. Compression induces a symmetry reduction, which is indicated by the splitting of the librational modes, the development of infrared active vibrational modes, and the appearance of other new modes in the external mode region. The new high-pressure phase, with azide ions still in a molecular state, can be preserved down to 1.2 GPa. The Grüneisen parameters for the parent phase were calculated.