Preliminary validation of a fabric smoothness assessment system

Christopher N. Tumer, Hamed Sari-Sarraf, Eric F. Hequet, Sunho Lee

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

1 Scopus citations


A fabric's tendency to wrinkle is vitally important to the textile industry as it impacts the visual appeal of apparels. Current methods of grading this characteristic, called fabric smoothness, are very subjective and inadequate. As such, a quantitative method for assessing fabric smoothness is of the utmost importance to the textile community. To that end, we have proposed a laser-based surface profiling system that utilizes a smart camera to sense the 3-D topography of the fabric specimens. The system incorporates methods based on anisotropic diffusion and the facet model for characterizing edge information that ultimately relate to a specimen's degree of wrinkling. In this paper, we detail the initial steps in a large-scale validation of this system. Using histograms of the extracted features, we compare the output of the system among 78 swatches of various color, type, and texture. The results show consistency among repeated scans of the same swatch as well as among different swatches taken from the same fabric sample. The fact that swatches taken from same piece of fabric typically wrinkle similarly adds to the feasibility of the system. In other words, it adequately identifies and measures appropriate features of the wrinkles found on a sample.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
No3 SUMMER 2003
Specialist publicationTextile Topics
StatePublished - 2003


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