Prefrontal cortex functioning of family members of those with a substance use disorder

Sterling Shumway, Spencer Bradshaw, Nicholas Hayes, Sarah Schonian, Thomas Kimball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Substance use disorders (SUDs) significantly impact family systems, yet have often been treated as an individual problem. Nevertheless, family member inclusion has become a treatment priority. While extant research exists regarding individuals with a SUD, limited research exists regarding family members. Research has yet to examine neuropsychological processes associated with family members. This study examined prefrontal cortex (PFC) activation of experimental group participants using functional near-infrared spectroscopy as they viewed images of a loved-one with a SUD. Activation patterns were analyzed and compared against those of a control group. Results showed significant differences in PFC responses between experimental and control groups. Implications are discussed and demonstrate the importance of family member recovery and systemically trained professionals in SUD recovery processes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018


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