The binary interaction parameters of the nonrandom two liquid (NRTL) thermodynamic model are predicted for several organic mixtures using molecular simulations. Based on the theoretical framework of the two-fluid theory, the binary interaction parameters are expressed in terms of the interaction energies, size of the molecules, and size of the local molecular domains; these quantities are calculated from molecular simulations. We show that our technique is robust in terms of its predictions involving organic mixtures with compatible chemical characteristics while we propose possible modifications in the case of mixtures involving incompatible chemical components or significant size disparity, where there is a notable difference between the interaction parameters calculated from simulations and those obtained from experimental data regression. We further demonstrate that the binary interaction parameters calculated from data regression are not unique and that molecular simulations can guide the parameter selection process by identifying physically relevant binary interaction parameters. Requiring only the local molecular structure information from molecular simulations, the method offers fast and reliable prediction of phase equilibrium properties, especially in cases where limited experimental data are available.
- Fluid phase equilibria
- Local composition models
- Molecular simulations
- NRTL activity coefficient model
- Two-fluid theory