"Prediction of a large number of electron pockets near the band edges in type-VIII clathrate Si46 and its physical properties from first principles"

Payam Norouzzadeh, Charles Myles, Daryoosh Vashaee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The material design of type-VIII clathrate Si46 is presented based on first principles. The structural, electronic, elastic, vibrational, and thermodynamic properties of this hypothetical material are presented. Our results predict that type-VIII clathrate Si46 is an indirect semiconductor with a bandgap of 1.24 eV. The band structure revealed an interestingly large number of electron pockets near both conduction and valance band edges. Such a large density of states near the band edges, which is higher than that of the best thermoelectric materials discovered so far, can result in a large thermoelectric power factor (>0.004 W m-1 K-2) making it a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications. The elastic properties as well as the vibrational modes and the phonon state densities of this material were also calculated. Our calculations predict that the heat capacity at constant volume (isochoric) of this clathrate increases smoothly with temperature and approaches the Dulong–Petit
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475502-1 to 475502
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013

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