Predicting wax appearance temperature and precipitation profile of normal alkane systems: An explicit co-crystal model

Meng Wang, Chau Chyun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wax precipitation is a major flow assurance issue for petroleum production, oil blending, downstream processing, and oil products usage. While numerous thermodynamic models have been proposed to calculate wax appearance temperature (WAT) and precipitation profile at temperatures below WAT, the existing models are correlative in nature and fail to comply with phase behavior experimentally observed for wax precipitation. This work presents a predictive thermodynamic model for wax precipitation based on an explicit co-crystal formation assumption for precipitated wax, a treatment consistent with experimental findings. With a simple Flory-Huggins expression accounting for the liquid phase nonideality and the treatment of lamella structure for wax precipitation below WAT, the model satisfactorily predicts WAT at low pressures for multicomponent paraffin mixtures and wax precipitation amounts and contents as the temperature drops below WAT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112466
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume509
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Co-crystal formation
  • Modified Flory-Huggins equation
  • Paraffins
  • Solid-liquid equilibrium
  • Wax appearance temperature
  • Wax precipitation
  • n-Alkanes

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