Predicting red meat yields in carcasses from beef-type and calf-fed holstein steers using the united states department of agriculture calculated yield grade

T. E. Lawrence, N. A. Elam, M. F. Miller, J. C. Brooks, G. G. Hilton, D. L. Vanoverbeke, F. K. McKeith, J. Killefer, T. H. Montgomery, D. M. Allen, D. B. Griffin, R. J. Delmore, W. T. Nichols, M. N. Streeter, D. A. Yates, J. P. Hutcheson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analyses were conducted to evaluate the ability of the USDA yield grade equation to detect differences in subprimal yield of beef-type steers and calffed Holstein steers that had been fed zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH; Intervet Inc., Millsboro, DE) as well as those that had not been fed ZH. Beef-type steer (n = 801) and calffed Holstein steer (n = 235) carcasses were fabricated into subprimal cuts and trim. Simple correlations between calculated yield grades and total red meat yields ranged from -0.56 to -0.62 for beef-type steers. Reliable correlations from calffed Holstein steers were unobtainable; the probability of a type I error met or exceeded 0.39. Linear models were developed for the beef-type steers to predict total red meat yield based on calculated USDA yield grade within each ZH duration. At an average calculated USDA yield grade of 2.9, beef-type steer carcasses that had not been fed ZH had an estimated 69.4% red meat yield, whereas those fed ZH had an estimated 70.7% red meat yield. These results indicate that feeding ZH increased red meat yield by 1.3% at a constant calculated yield grade. However, these data also suggest that the calculated USDA yield grade score is a poor and variable estimator (adjusted R2 of 0.31 to 0.38) of total red meat yield of beef-type steer carcasses, regardless of ZH feeding. Moreover, no relationship existed (adjusted R2 of 0.00 to 0.01) for calffed Holstein steer carcasses, suggesting the USDA yield grade is not a valid estimate of calffed Holstein red meat yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2143
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Beef
  • Red meat yield
  • Yield grade
  • Zilpaterol hydrochloride

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