Preconcentration/preelution ion chromatography for the determination of perchlorate in complex samples

Kang Tian, Jaclyn E. Cañas, Purnendu K. Dasgupta, Todd A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


The determination of perchlorate in complex matrices by ion chromatography (IC) with an online preconcentration and preelution technique is discussed. The method was applied to different sample types containing large concentrations of matrix anions that would otherwise interfere with analysis via conventional IC. The present approach was highly effective in removing most of the matrix anions and was thus resistant to the interferences commonly encountered in a high ionic strength background. Method performance was evaluated by analyzing for low-level perchlorate in synthetic high ionic strength solutions, tissue extracts, and hydroponic nitrate fertilizer samples. Not only is it easier to practice the present method compared to USEPA Method 314.0, but for most of these samples the present approach provided equal to or better recovery of perchlorate than Method 314.0. With a sample of specific conductance 12,650 μS cm-1, for example, the present method provided a perchlorate recovery of 101% at the 25 μg L-1 level versus 89% by EPA Method 314.0. Method detection limits of perchlorate in hydroponic fertilizer samples with this method (130-190 μg kg-1) are the lowest thus far reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-755
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 15 2005


  • Hydroponic fertilizers
  • Ion chromatography
  • Non-water matrices
  • Perchlorate
  • Preconcentration


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