Posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans with spinal cord injury: Trauma-related risk factors

Cynthia L. Radnitz, Louis Hsu, Jeffrey Willard, Lysandra Perez-Strumolo, Joanne Festa, Lynn B. Lillian, Stacey Walczak, Dennis D. Tirch, Ilana S. Schlein, Martin Binks, Charles P. Broderick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Trauma-related risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were examined in a sample of 125 veterans with spinal cord injury. Category of injury was found to be the most consistent predictor of PTSD diagnosis and symptom severity with paraplegia predicting more PTSD symptoms than quadriplegia. The occurrence of a head injury at the time of the trauma was found to predict PTSD symptom severity measures, but not PTSD diagnosis. Trauma recency consistently predicted Impact of Event score (IES) and was found to be related to current PTSD severity and lifetime PTSD diagnosis in multiple but not simple regression models. Trauma severity was found to be significantly related to self-reported PTSD symptoms and lifetime PTSD diagnosis in simple but not in multiple regression analyses. Type of trauma, alcohol or other drug (AOD) use during the trauma and loss of consciousness (LOC) during the trauma were not consistently associated with PTSD symptom severity or diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-520
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998


  • Injury
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Trauma
  • Veteran


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