Positioning activated carbon amendment technologies in a novel framework for sediment management

Darya Kupryianchyk, Magdalena I. Rakowska, Danny Reible, Joop Harmsen, Gerard Cornelissen, Marc van Veggel, Sarah E. Hale, Tim Grotenhuis, Albert A. Koelmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contaminated sediments can pose serious threats to human health and the environment by acting as a source of toxic chemicals. The amendment of contaminated sediments with strong sorbents like activated C (AC) is a rapidly developing strategy to manage contaminated sediments. To date, a great deal of attention has been paid to the technical and ecological features and implications of sediment remediation with AC, although science in this field still is rapidly evolving. This article aims to provide an update on the recent literature on these features, and provides a comparison of sediment remediation with AC to other sediment management options, emphasizing their full-scale application. First, a qualitative overview of advantages of current alternatives to remediate contaminated sediments is presented. Subsequently, AC treatment technology is critically reviewed, including current understanding of the effectiveness and ecological safety for the use of AC in natural systems. Finally, this information is used to provide a novel framework for supporting decisions concerning sediment remediation and beneficial reuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-234
Number of pages14
JournalIntegrated environmental assessment and management
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Decision-making
  • Framework
  • Remediation
  • Sediment management

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