Population dynamics of salmonella enterica within beef cattle cohorts followed from single-dose metaphylactic antibiotic treatment until slaughter

Gizem Levent, Ashlynn Schlochtermeier, Samuel E. Ives, Keri N. Norman, Sara D. Lawhon, Guy H. Loneragan, Robin C. Anderson, Javier Vinasco, H. Morgan Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Antibiotic use in cattle can select for multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica, which is considered a serious threat by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A randomized controlled longitudinal field trial was designed to determine the long-term effects of a single dose of ceftiofur or tulathromycin on Salmonella population characteristics in cattle feces and peripheral lymph nodes and on hides. A total of 134 beef cattle from two sources were divided among 12 pens, with cattle in each of the 3-pen blocks receiving a single dose of either ceftiofur or tulathromycin or neither (control) on day 0. Fecal samples were collected before treatment (day 0) and repeatedly following treatment until slaughter (day 99+). Hide and lymph node samples were collected at slaughter age. Salmonella prevalence, phenotypic antimicrobial resistance, serotype, and phylogenetic relationships were examined. Multilevel mixed logistic regression models indicated no significant effects (P ≥ 0.218) of metaphylactic antibiotics on the prevalence of Salmonella across sample types. However, there was a significant time effect observed, with prevalence increasing from spring through the midsummer months (P < 0.0001) in feces. The majority of Salmonella isolates were pansusceptible to a panel of 14 antibiotics both before and after treatment. Highly prevalent Salmonella serotypes were Salmonella enterica serovar Montevideo, Salmonella enterica serovar Anatum, Salmonella enterica serovar Cerro, and Salmonella enterica serovar Lubbock across all sample types. Strong pen and cattle source serotype clustering effects were observed among Salmonella isolates originating from fecal, lymph node, and hide samples; however, the potential role of Salmonella isolates from the pen environment prior to animal placement was not assessed in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01386-19
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume85
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Beef cattle
  • Feces
  • Feedlot cattle
  • Hide
  • Lymph node
  • Metaphylaxis
  • Salmonella

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