Poly-victimization and trajectories of binge drinking from adolescence to young adulthood among serious juvenile offenders

Jordan P. Davis, Tara M. Dumas, Benjamin Berey, Gabriel J. Merrin, Kevin Tan, Danielle R. Madden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Justice involved youth exposed to multiple forms of victimization (i.e., poly-victimization) may be at risk for long term substance use problems and difficulty in self-regulation, placing them at higher risk of long-term problematic behaviors. This study empirically identifies victimization classifications in a sample of justice involved youth and how long-term binge drinking is related to victimization experiences. We further sought to understand how self-regulatory abilities such as impulse control and emotion regulation effect emergent profiles and binge drinking trajectories. Methods: Based on a sample of 1354 justice involved youth from 15 to 25 years old, classes of victimization were extracted. Emergent classes were examined in relationship to their binge drinking trajectories using latent growth models. Finally, self-regulation was examined as a predictor of binge drinking trajectories across emergent classes. Results: The analyses indicated three classes of victimization: poly-victimized, indirectly victimized, and lowly victimized. Latent growth models revealed that the poly-victimized class had significantly steeper growth in binge drinking as compared to the indirect and low victimized patterns. Impulse and emotional regulation both significantly decelerated binge drinking only for the indirect victimization group. Conclusions: Findings highlight the need to focus on poly-victimization in understanding binge drinking trajectories as well as the role impulse control and emotional regulation play among justice involved youth. Findings are discussed through the lens of adolescent development, coping strategies, and early traumatic experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Binge drinking
  • Emotional regulation
  • Impulse control
  • Poly-victimization
  • Self-Regulation
  • Young Adulthood

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