Pnictogen bonding with alkoxide cages: which pnictogen is best?

Henry J. Trubenstein, Shiva Moaven, Maythe Vega, Daniel K. Unruh, Anthony Cozzolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Pnictogen bonding is beginning to emerge as a useful supramolecular interaction. The design strategies for these systems are still in the early stages of development and much attention has been focused on the lighter pnictogens. Pnictogen bond donors can have up to three independent sites for binding which can result in triple pnictogen bonding. This has been observed in the self-assembly of antimony alkoxide cages, but not with the lighter congeners. This work reports structural characterization of an analogous arsenic alkoxide cage that engages in a single pnictogen bond and synthetic explorations of the bismuth congener. DFT calculations are used to evaluate the differences between the structures. Ultimately the partial charge on the pnictogen and the energy of the pnictogen lone pair dictate the strength, orientation and number of pnictogen bonds that these cages form. Antimony cages strike the best balance between strength and directionality, allowing them to achieve triple pnict
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14305--14312
JournalDefault journal
StatePublished - 2019


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